Softball and baseball can be complex games for people to learn and understand, and there are many rules associated with these games. The game of baseball is played by two teams, and there are nine players on each side. Players of batting team take turns to hit against the pitcher of fielding team, and this team tries to get hitters out in several ways and prevent them from scoring. Nine players from the pitching team try to prevent the other team from scoring, and if the scores are tied, extra innings are played to conclude the game.
The players in batting team try to score the runs by circling the tour of four bases that are set at the corners of baseball diamond. All the professional games in Canada and United States are governed by the official baseball rules. These rules are available online, and are also published as a book by Sporting News. The distance between each base in 90 feet, and pitches mound is 60.5 feet away from the home plate, in the middle of the diamond.
Baseball has no clock, and to win, the team has to out the last batter. To play the game, pitcher stands on the mound and throws ball to the hitter standing on the home plate. The most basic rule of baseball is that it is played by two teams, alternating their turns to defense and offense, and the goal is to score maximum runs. If hitter stops on any base, he becomes a base runner, and can advance once next hitter is batting.
There are many different ways to out the hitter such as flied out where fielder catches the ball hit by the hitter without ball getting bounced, strike out where pitcher throws the ball in the strike zone, put out where fielder touches the runner with the ball when he is not standing on the base, and so on. The pitcher stands in the middle of the mound, and begins the action by throwing the ball towards home plate. Wins, losses, innings pitches, saves, earned run average and winning percentage are the basic pitching statistics. The team scoring maximum runs at the end of nine innings is the winning team.
Umpires usually work in the team of four, and take turns to become the home plate umpire. Each team must stick to the bating order throughout the game. In the game of baseball, the skill of fielding is as important as the hitting skills of the player. Batter gets the hit when he is able to reach the base without getting out, and runs are scored when the player completes the entire diamond.