Most people do not know much about worm farming, who does it and what to do with the bunch of worms. When worms are fed the organic material similar to that used in compost pile, the material they produce is very useful. Worm excrement or castings is the final product, which is a great amendment for potted plants or garden, and is also a great fertilizer. Vermicast or vermicompost is the final product, and the term for using the worms for compost posting and creating casting is called vermicomposting.
Starting with the right type of worms is essential to get the high quality castings from the worm farm. Some worms easily adapt themselves to the container life, and can efficiently process the organic waste. If you choose the wrong worms, they may burrow down, and not much of the food gets processed into casting. Make sure that you buy the worms from the good vermocomposting supplier, so that the worms are suitable for farming.
Once you get enough experience, you can identify the local worms, and make sure that they are right candidates for populating the farm. Worm farming is simple, and you can directly situate the farm on the ground. Another option is to dig a trench, and put the material inside. People also use some kind of bin or container, and stack two or more on the top of each other.
To start the worm farming in the container, put some sheets of shredded newspaper inside, which can act as the bedding. On the bedding, add few handfuls of soil, put some water to moisten it, add the organic waste as food and finally put the worms inside it. Cover the mouth of the container with something light so that the light stays out while the moisture is retained. You will have to keep adding the food every few weeks so that the worms can multiply.
If the farm starts smelling bad, you might be supplying more food than the worms are able to process, and also avoid adding milk products, animal waste, animal products or oil as these can attract pests. When the box is almost half full, you can harvest the castings, and there are several ways to do this. You can bring out the remaining non-decomposed food by pushing everything to one side. On the empty side, add a layer of bedding, soil and food, give worms few weeks time to move over to the other side, and collect the good vermicompost that has been left behind.